A striking medieval castle overlooking Edinburgh's gorgeous city and is also liked and tagged by millions on social media. But what is Edinburgh Castle so famous for? \n\n\n\nImage by Dave Bradford from Pixabay\n\n\n\nFacts that Edinburgh Castle is well-known for:\n\n\n\nBuilt on top of volcano rock called "Castle Rock."One of the oldest fortified buildings in Europe Have been Besieged 23 times St. Margaret's Chapel within the courtyard is the oldest building in Scotland, A gun kept on the walls since 1861 that still fires every day.The royal residence of many kings and queens of Scotland...\n\n\n\nIf in short...., but there are way more events that brought Edinburgh Castle worldwide popularity.\n\n\n\n\nBook a trip to your favourite castle\n\n\n\n\nEdinburgh Castle, Scotland's most famous castle\n\n\n\nEdinburgh Castle is Scotland's most famous stronghold, one of the U.K.'s most iconic medieval courts and one of the most fortified castles in all of Europe.\n\n\n\n It is also the U.K.'s second most visited paid tourist attraction. Part of the reason it's so famous is that it sits on an igneous rock (Castle Rock), the rock itself has a history of thousands of years of volcanic activity.\n\n\n\nUnlike other hilltop castles, the rock beneath Edinburgh castle is unique, as archaeologists have detected a presence of humans occupying it since the Iron age, around 850 BC. \n\n\n\nBut, when architects decided to build Edinburgh Castle, they built directly on top of the plug, the volcanoes vent.\n\n\n\nCastle Rock is also iconic because the castle's walls dissolve into the rock and the rock enhances the castle's defence, allowing people to look out and protect Scotland's capital.\n\n\n\nAnother reason behind Edinburgh Castle's popularity is that it's housed many royals in particular Scottish monarchs until 1633. After the 17th century, the scots used the castle as a military barracks and a large garrison.\n\n\n\nThroughout its years of existence, Edinburgh Castle has remained at the centre of many battles, particularly wars to claim Scotland's independence. \n\n\n\nPicture by duluoz cats on flickr.com\n\n\n\nThe researchers from 2014 indicate that the castle has had 23 sieges since its foundation, reason why its also called the strongest castle in the world.\n\n\n\nSpeaking of the military, the castle is a military station and is home to the Scottish War memorial. Most importantly, the castle houses the Crown Jewels (Honours of Scotland) and Destiny's Stone.\n\n\n\nEdinburgh Castle is filled with history and the home of Scotland's entertainment. They convert the castle esplanade into a unique concert venue in the summertime.\n\n\n\nThis has been happening for the past 16 years and has had many famous people play. Such famous people have been The Script, Olly Murs, Rod Stewart, Paul Weller, Deacon Blue, The Proclaimers, Kylie Minogue and Westlife.\n\n\n\nThe castle is also home to many festivals, one of the most renowned ones is The Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo, occurring every August.\n\n\n\nThis is where the British armed forces, commonwealth, military bands and international artists perform. The Tattoo is international as its organizers spend a lot of time travelling the world looking for acts to play and perform.\n\n\n\nHowever, tourists flood the castle nowadays, not just for the castle itself but also for almost 360 degrees views of the breathtaking surroundings.\n\n\n\nWe were imprest by its height when approaching the castle, as we later found out that it's the tallest one in Scotland.\n\n\n\nMany of you who have visited the city of Edinburgh won't judge me harshly if I say this is the most beautiful and well-preserved city in the U.K.\n\n\n\nWhen my wife and I went to Edinburgh for the first time, it felt like this we have been sent back a hundred years, ''if not consider the busses and a ton of tourists''.\n\n\n\nWho was Edinburgh Castle built for?\n\n\n\nEdinburgh Castle has been home to many English and Scottish monarchs. Since its beginnings, its habitants fought many battles to win occupancy of the castle. \n\n\n\nInitially, King David 1st, son of St Margaret of Scotland build Edinburg Castle for himself, a home and shelter from where he could rule the country.\n\n\n\nPicture by Ben on flickr.com\n\n\n\nAt the time, this was just a structure known as Edinburgh castle. The structure was 443 feet- 135 metres above sea level. If you visit the castle today, you will still see some of this construction.\n\n\n\nWho lives at Edinburgh Castle?\n\n\n\nToday, you'll find no one living in Edinburgh Castle. It is a tourist attraction owned by the Scottish Government and is also the home to the Royal Regiment of Scotland's headquarters. Historic Scotland runs the castle, and you can visit it yourself.\n\n\n\nIn terms of visiting, this is a popular attraction, and it's best to book tickets in advance. \n\n\n\nIf you have children under 16, they have free entry, but the admission prices change regularly. To know further, it's best to check Edinburgh Castle's website.\n\n\n\nHow old is Edinburgh Castle?\n\n\n\nEdinburgh Castle was built in 1103 and is over 918 years old. Just 27 years later in 1130, King David I officially established Edinburgh city as a Royal borough of Scotland. \n\n\n\nWith Edinburgh Castle's intention being a royal fortress, looking over the city's residents.\n\n\n\nDoes the queen ever stay at Edinburgh Castle?\n\n\n\nQueen Elizabeth II never stays at Edinburgh Castle. Even though there's plenty of space and provisions (if required), she could. Nowadays the owners use Edinburgh Castle as a little garrison for ceremonies and barracks.\n\n\n\nWhen Queen Elizabeth II stays in Scotland, she resides at her privately owned castle known as The Palace Holyrood House in Balmoral. She mainly stays here when she has to attend meetings and ceremonies in Scotland.\n\n\n\nWhat was Edinburgh called before?\n\n\n\nEdinburgh is a city name commonly used by Scottish and British people. However, there have been many rumours about what it was called prior. \n\n\n\nAccording to The Scotsman, it's believed that Edinburgh was known as 'Edwin's Burgh' which had some relation to the King of Northumbria in the 7th century, King Edwin.\n\n\n\nBurgh is an old English word that also means fort. More evidence suggests that a 7th century tribe who officially gave England its name known as the Anglins attacked another tribe the Goddins and then invaded the fort (Edinburgh Castle).\n\n\n\nIt's then believed that the Anglins got the name "Eiden" and joined it together with "Burgh" creating the word Edinburgh.\n\n\n\nWho was born in Edinburgh Castle?\n\n\n\nOne of the most important and significant events of Scottish history is when Mary Queen of Scots gave birth to her son, King James VI of Scotland and England. \n\n\n\nIt was so important that her son was born in Edinburgh Castle.\n\n\n\nIt's unique because Mary chose to flee her former location Holyrood House to live in Edinburgh Castle, as it had been attacked by a large gang of nobles previously. \n\n\n\nWhen Mary lived there, she lived on the ground floor and had all of her furniture installed. \n\n\n\nIs Edinburgh Castle worth going inside?\n\n\n\nThose who have high expectations from a medieval castle might be disappointed as there is not a lot left inside from medieval times.\n\n\n\nCastle still serves as a military garrison today, and you\u2019ll find during your tour that many rooms have a modern decoration.\n\n\n\nPicture by Ewan McIntosh on flickr.com\n\n\n\nHowever, as we are all different, many tourists are more than satisfied with Edinburgh castle's experience.\n\n\n\nEven when there are covid restrictions, castle enthusiasts are queuing up to see St. Margaret's Chapel, the interior of the castles and the gun that fires at 1 pm every day since 1681, except Sunday.\n\n\n\n Final Thoughts\n\n\n\nEdinburgh Castle is Scotland's most popular tourist attraction and the second most popular in the U.K. It's over 900 years old and has been the centre of Scottish independence's many royal battles.\n\n\n\nThe castle itself is built on a dormant volcano where archaeologists have detected human remains since before the ice age. Alongside its history, it's home to many concerts and one of Scotland's most famous festivals, The Military Tattoo.\n\n\n\nFinally, the castle's admission prices vary, but you should book your tickets in advance. This is an attraction you don't want to miss if you're in the U.K.\n\n\n\nDo Scottish castles inspire you? I believe you should know which one is the biggest and how many are actually in Scotland?\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\nFind out more\n\n\n\n\nLists o top castles around the world.