When we dive into the history of England there is always a castle and every story, but have you ever wondered what the oldest castle in England is?\n\n\n\nThe oldest castle in England is Berkhamsted Castle built in 1066 by Robert of Mortain, the half-brother of William the Conqueror. An early Norman Motte-Bailey Castle built during the Norman conquest of England to control the key route between London and the Midlands.\n\n\n\n \u00a9 Copyright Chris Reynolds\n\n\n\nHowever, there have been even older wooden fortifications with defence duties in England dating back to the Iron Age, let's find out more about them.\n\n\n\n\nBook a trip to your favourite castle\n\n\n\n\nMaiden Castle in Dorset 600 BC\n\n\n\nPicture by Mark Robinson on flickr.com\n\n\n\nNot a Middle Ages "Motte and Bailey Castle", as we will mainly talk about in this article.\n\n\n\nMaiden Castle is one of the oldest fortifications in England built around 600BC, similar to many other hill forts in Britain covering an area of 16 acres.\n\n\n\nLater towards 450 BC they expanded the fort and became the largest hill fort in Britain.\n\n\n\nAfter the Roman conquest in Britain, the last tenants abandoned the Maiden Castle and used it afterwards for agricultural purposes.\n\n\n\nMaiden Castle is located near Dorchester DT2 9EY, and it's open to the public all year round with free admission under the care of English Heritage.\n\n\n\nBamburgh Castle 420\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\nAnother great castle what's storyline stretches back way earlier than William's conquest period.\n\n\n\nOriginally in 420 - 547, a Celtic Brythonic fortification settlement was known as Din Guarie and also represented the Capital of the Kingdom of Bernicia.\n\n\n\nSince then fort has been passed over between Britons and Anglo-Saxons about three times and destroyed entirely by the Vikings 993.\n\n\n\nWilliam the Conqueror rebuilt a brand new castle in 1095 which is the core of the present court.\n\n\n\nWilliam realised how strategically important Bamburgh Castle was and made it one of the strongest border garrisons with Scotland.\n\n\n\nOver the centuries Bamburgh Castle served as a home for many kings; John, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II and Edward III.\n\n\n\nDuring the war of two roses, Bamburgh became the first castle in England destroyed by modern artillery.\n\n\n\nIn 1894 William Armstrong bought the castle for \u00a360 000 and belongs to its family up until today.\n\n\n\nBerkhamsted Castle 1066\n\n\n\nBuilt by William's half brother Robert of Mortain in 1066 Berkhamsted Castle Is the oldest castle in England and one of the oldest castles in the world.\n\n\n\nBuilt with the intent of controlling the road between London and the Midlands, Berkhamsted Castle was one of the earliest timber motte-and-bailey type Castle.\n\n\n\nFrom 1155 the King's right hand Thomas Becket reinforced the castle with a stone motte and curtain wall as well as with impressive earthworks.\n\n\n\nAfter two weeks Louis besieged Berkhamsted Castle.\n\n\n\nIn 1225 King Henry III granted the castle to Richard Earl of Cornwall, one of the wealthiest nobles in England at that time.\n\n\n\nHis wealth allowed him to restore, refurbish and enlarge the western tower of the castle by giving an authentic luxurious palace look.\n\n\n\nEdward, the Black Prince, used the castle as his favourite residence, later giving it to the Duke of Cornwall.\n\n\n\nThe last castle passed to the five queens ending with Elizabeth l.\n\n\n\nIt seems that since 1495 the castle hasn't been occupied and gradually fell into the ruins.\n\n\n\nWarwick Castle 1068\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\nAnother earliest wooden motte-and-bailey castle was built by William the Conqueror in 1068.\n\n\n\nSituated next to the river Avon kings used Warwick as a stronghold up until the 17th century when King James I granted the Castle to Fulke Greville.\n\n\n\nGreville converted the castle into a country house and belonged to his family up until 1978.\n\n\n\nIn 1978 Greville's family sold the castle to the Tussauds Group.\n\n\n\nIs Warwick Castle worth visiting?\n\n\n\nThe Warwick Castle is worth visiting for its authentic inside and out architecture, entertainment, unique Barracks-types accommodation and the world largest working trebuchets.\n\n\n\nWhat can you do at Warwick Castle?\n\n\n\nWarwick castle is one of the best family out castles, that definitely will surprise you with the amount of fun it has to offer. \n\n\n\nBeing a Grand in size Castle, you can spend a whole day walking around the castle, in the courtyard, and enjoy the castle's tours and it's history.\n\n\n\nIf you allow yourself plenty of time, you can hire boats and enjoy the spectacular view of the castle from the River Avon.\n\n\n\nWarwick has its dungeon, knight village accommodation where you can stay overnight, breakfast and evening tea in the observatory.\n\n\n\nThe current owners of the castle worked hard to keep visitors for as long as possible.\n\n\n\nFor more information, please check out their website and we highly recommend visiting with the whole family.\n\n\n\nWindsor Castle 1070\n\n\n\nPicture by Mike McBey on Flickr.com\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\nWindsor is the oldest occupied castle in the world where 39 monarchs have lived since William the Conqueror built a castle.\n\n\n\nEven today it's the primary residence of England's royal family, holding the title also for the longest-occupied palace in the world.\n\n\n\nIt was initially built as a wooden motte-and-Bailey Norman stronghold on the outskirts of London, to strengthen their presence in the area and defence of unexpected attacks.\n\n\n\nGradually replaced with a stone structure, the castle resisted the siege during the Baron's War at the beginning of the 13th century.\n\n\n\nFrom then up until Queen Victoria's reign, Windsor Castle survived many wars and suffered a lot of restorations.\n\n\n\nEven in the second world war, the royal family used the castle as a refuge during Luftwaffe's bombing campaign.\n\n\n\nNow Windsor Castle is one of the Most Visited Castles in the UK and a top tourist destination.\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\nRochester Castle 1090\n\n\n\nPicture by Kotomi_ on Flickr.com\n\n\n\nThe next on the list of oldest castles in England is Rochester, founded, Surprise Surprise! during William's conquest and given to Bishop Odo.\n\n\n\nBishop Odo lost the castle to William Rufus during Rochester's first military experience.\n\n\n\nBetween 1087 and 1089 Rufus built a new stone castle in Rochester, he established the current extent of the castle.\n\n\n\nIt was severely damaged during the First Barons War by King John and not log after by Prince Louis.\n\n\n\nFor the third time, the castle suffered severe damage in 1264 during the second Barons War where Simon de Montfort and Gilbert de Claire tried to capture the castle but failed.\n\n\n\nRochester Castle experienced its last military action in 1381 when it was captured and ransacked during the Peasants revolt.\n\n\n\nDuring 1870 the owners opened the castle and its park to the public.\n\n\n\nRochester suffered restoration works during the 19th and 20th centuries. Today the ruins are in the guardianship of English Heritage and open to the public.\n\n\n\nTickets and Tours \n\n\n\nIf you are thinking about seeing more than one castle on the same day, you might consider checking TripAdvisor's deals in Eastern England which include three or more castles on the same tour.\n\n\n\nSummary \n\n\n\nWe hope you have enjoyed the article and found the information you were looking for.\n\n\n\nDon't forget to check out our blog page for more exciting articles and our castle finder to search castles by country.\n\n\n\nRelated articles \n\n\n\nWhat is the Oldest Castle in The World still Standing?\n\n\n\nFormerly the oldest standing castle was in Aleppo, northern Syria, built around 3000BC.\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\nFind out more\n\n\n\n\nLists o top castles around the world.